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Laws And Regulations - The Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety

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The Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety to the Convention on Biological Diversity is an international agreement which aims to ensure the safe handling, transport and use of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) resulting from modern biotechnology that may have adverse effects on biological diversity, taking also into account risks to human health. It was adopted on 29 January 2000 and entered into force on 11 September 2003. 

The Strategic Plan for the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety (2011-2020) was adopted at COP-MOP5, in decision BS-V/16. The Strategic Plan focused on five strategic objectives: facilitating the establishment and further development of systems for the implementation of the Protocol, capacity building, compliance and review, information sharing,and outreach and cooperation.

Egypt signed the protocol in 2000 where the protocol entered into-force in 2004.

The Nagoya-Kuala Lumpur Protocol on Liability and Redress was adopted at COP-MOP5, as supplementary protocol. The supplementary protocol provides international rules and procedures in the area of ​​liability and redress relating to GMOs, in case of damage resulting from GMOs, or where there is sufficient likelihood that damage will result if timely response measures are not taken. The Supplementary Protocol also includes provisions in relation to civil liability.